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Osama Siddique

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The G1 knowledge test isn’t a walk in the park. Unless you’ve studied thoroughly or have gone through a structured program, you may fail the first time you take it. But that’s nothing to be ashamed of because nearly 50-70% of students fail their first time! 

If you fail, you can choose to retake the test immediately after or wait a few days before attempting it again. Regardless, you’ll need to pay a $16 fee for every attempt. 

What is the G1 test?

The G1 written test is the first of three tests that you must complete to become a fully licensed driver in Ontario. It is the only written test that you’ll need to complete – the other two tests are in-car (the G2 and G road tests).

The G1 test has a total of 40 questions that are divided into two different sections – Traffic Signs and Rules of the Road. You must score at least 80% (or 16/20) on each section of the test to pass. If you fail one section and pass the other, you will still need to rewrite the entire test.

The test takes about 20-30 minutes to complete and is available in many languages, including English and French.

How do I take the test? 

You don’t need to set up an appointment for your G1 test, since written tests are offered on a first-come, first-served basis. All you need to do is walk into your local DriveTest centre and get in line! 

You’ll take a ticket and get seated. Once your name is called, you’ll head to the counter to fill out some paperwork. At the counter, you’ll need to provide your ID, pay the fee ($159.75 for the G1 license package), and do a brief eye exam (so bring your glasses if you need them). 

Once the paperwork has been completed, you can head to the room and start your test. You’ll be set up with a computer (or paper sheets) and your test will begin. There is no time limit but it typically takes 20-30 minutes to complete. Once you finish, you’ll head to the counter where you’ll be informed if you’ve passed or failed.

What happens if I fail the G1 test? 

If you fail the test, you’ll receive your results and have time to review what you got wrong. You’ll need to do this in the exam room as you’re not allowed to leave the room with the results. Once you’ve finished reviewing, the administrator will collect your result and you’ll be free to leave. 

At this point, you can choose to retake the test immediately or wait until a future date and time. If you decide to retake the test immediately, you’ll need to get back in line and pay a $16 retake fee at the counter. 

You can retake the G1 test as many times as you need, however, you’ll need to pay the $16 fee for each attempt. 

How should I prepare for the test?

There are many resources available online, including free and paid practice tests. You can learn more about them here

What should I do after I pass?

G1 license holders must wait 12 months before taking their G2 road test (also known as the G1 exit test). However, new drivers are highly encouraged to go through a Beginner Driver’s Education (BDE) course at an MTO-approved driving school. This course teaches you how to operate a vehicle safely, prepares you for your road tests, and reduces the G2 wait time by 4 months!

BDE courses are important for teaching new drivers about the rules of the road and how to navigate complex situations they may encounter. Plus, most auto insurance companies offer a 10-20% discount on premiums to new drivers that complete the BDE course! 

The BDE course includes:

  • Hands-on, in-vehicle training with a driving instructor (10 hours)
  • Online, self-paced theory (20 hours)
  • Flexible instruction (10 hours)

Kruzee provides G1, G2, and G test preparation and training. You can use our online prep tool to study for your G1 test and then get behind the wheel with one of our certified instructors to prepare for your road tests. Whatever you decide, we wish you the best of luck in your new driver journey!

Want to learn more?


Drivers License

G1 License


Failing the G1 test

G1 resources

g1 test